GLPA Conference Proceedings: 1994

Proceedings Editor:  Dale W. Smith, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio.

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Title Author Year Abstract
USING PROPS AND A FLASHLIGHT AS BRUTE FORCE ANTI-PROJECTORS Allen, Robert 1994 Abstract: We use props such as a gourd, an egg poacher, and a bucket to tell stories in the planetarium. We have found that a flashlight and some props nicely match the outlines of some constellations when the proper prop-to-flashlight distance is used.
USING GLOW-IN-THE-DARK MATERIALS IN THE PLANETARIUM Bishop, Jeanne 1994 Abstract: Glow-in-the-dark paint, spheres, disks, and other craft supplies can be used to create a large number of items that are useful in the dark planetarium. Based on a workshop given at IPS '94. A glow umbrella, cardinal popint markers, an astroglobe, moon phases, scale model of the solar system, and props for stories will be discussed.
MAKE-IT, TAKE-IT WORKSHOP FOR SMALL DOME AND PORTABLE PLANETARIUMS Brown, Dayle 1994 Abstract: The workshop will consist of making a mini brute-force panorama projector that will be of value for use in small dome and portable applications.
MOON DIALS AND PAPER PLATE MODELS Bueter, Chuck 1994 Abstract: Moon dials allow users to determine when and in which direction the moon can be seen in any particular phase. In this activity, the audience will make their own paper plate models of the moon phases to learn how the moon dial works.
FROZEN METEORITES OF ANTARCTICA Cassidy, William 1994 Abstract: The collection of meteorites in Antarctica is described. The search program has extended for several years and apparently located both lunar and Martian samples as well as conventional meteorites.
THE PLANETARIUM'S ROLE IN EDUCATIONAL REFORM Hoff, Darrel 1994 Abstract: Generally the planetarium has not been in the mainsteam of science education. The absence of a generally accepted role of astronomy in the pre-college curriculum and the relatively small number of permanent planetaria in the public schools have conspired to leave the subject and the planetarium as enrichment rather than as main stream. The presence of a large number of inflatable planetaria coupled with some clear mandates from the Benchmarks for Science Literacy suggests that a stronger role for astronomy in American science education may be at hand. The paper includes a discussion on the history of the planetarium in American schools and how the traditional audience-passive programs have been challenged by educational reformers. Drawing on the work of both the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the National Council of the Teachers of Mathematics, several suggestions will be made for possible programming that will enhance the role of the planetarium in the age of educational reform.
ASTRONOMY UPDATE 1994 Kaler,James 1994 Abstract: Astronomical discoveries of the past year are reviewed. The Space Telescope was repaired; COBE, Magellan, and Clementine completed their mission; and the resolution of ground-based observations continues to improve. Some ice may exist on Mercury, but the idea of an ancient ocean on Mars seems less likely. Io's volcanoes are probably silicate, surface features can be seen on Titan in the infrared, and many surface features on Miranda may be the result of internal convection. Pluto has a thin nitrogen atmosphere and its satellite Charon may have been broken off in a collision. Earlier comet collisions like that of Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter may have produced crater chains on other surfaces. Nine Kuiper belt comets are now known and Halley will be visible to aphelion. Aurorae on the Earth are caused by solar coronal outbursts, not flares. New interstellar molecules include long-chain carbon molecules; ethanol, also found in comets; and glycene, the first amino acid. The discovery of planets around a pulsar shows that formation of planets may be a ubiquitous process. Mass loss is a major limiting factor is predicting stellar evolution, especially for high-mass stars. The rare luminous blue variables like Eta Carinae and AG Carinae now appear to erupt periodically, like geysers. Supernova explosions may be non-central.A new galaxy has been discovered in the Local Group and faint blue galaxies may be found nearby as well as at cosmological distances. Many galaxies, especially giant ellipticals, may have been formed been formed by mergers. The dark matter problem remains unsolved. Some galaxies have dark matter and other do not. A survey of stars in the LMC reduced the likelihood of finding MACHOs in the halo of the our Galaxy.Doppler surveys of galaxies in both hemispheres reveal an unknown scale of clumpiness out to at least 300 Mpc that can affect values of the Hubble constant derived locally. Neither the Hubble constant nor Omega are yet well-known.
A NEW LOOK FOR THE SUDEKUM PLANETARIUM Laatsch, Shawn 1994 Abstract: Sudekum Planetarium renovated its theater in May of 1994. Cosmetic improvements included new carpeting, cleaning and painting of the dome, and replacement of the old seats. Along with the cosmetic changes, Sudekum Planetarium upgraded from film projection to video and added some new special effects projectors. The effects were added in time for the opening of “Just Imagine”, an original production.
PLUTO FAST FLYBY Landis, Rob 1994 Abstract: The Pluto Fast Flyby is currently in the pre-project phase at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). A developmental team at JPL is designing a mission to send two small spacecraft to Pluto/Charon to complete the initial reconnaissance of the solar system. Under a collaborative American-Russian approach, the twin Pluto-bound spacecraft would be launched in 2001 on a Proton launch vehicle and would carry two Russian-built atmospheric probes called "Drop Zonds." The spacecraft would arrive at Pluto/Charon system between 2008-2011. This paper briefly describes the current PFF mission design, cost, schedule, and performance. Planetarians may play a role in educating and exciting the public on the "Mt. Everest" of the solar system exploration.
THROUGH THE EYES OF HUBBLE: A JOINT EDUCATIONAL OUTREACH PROJECT BETWEEN THE BUHL PLANETARIUM AND THE SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE INSTITUTE Landis, Rob 1994 Abstract: Educational and public outreach represent one of the four pillars of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) strategic plan. In a effort to effectively reach more school children, as well as the public at large, the Buhl Planetarium and STScI have ventured on a joint project to produce a world-class planetarium program. A spinoff from the planetarium program will be an educational classroom "kit" available to schools at no charge. This joint endeavor is an effort on behalf of NASA, the HST project, and STScI to share the wonders of Hubble with all.
GROWING UP WITH PLANETARIUMS Lazich, Gary 1994 Abstract: This presentation traces the development of planetarium equipping and programming philosophies by the author and invites readers/listeners to recall their own experiences with planetariums. Excerpts from journals, The Third Stage of Planetarium Evolution, documentaries, Growing Up with Rockets, science-fiction novels, A World Out of Time, space art collections, The Exploration of Space, television programs, Star Trek: The Next Generation, and fantasy films, The Lord of the Rings, The Wizard of Oz, and Field of Dreams, highlight the unique opportunities and planetariums face.
AHEAD, WARP FACTOR NINE! McColman, Richard 1994 Abstract: Trek through the galaxy in your own planetarium! This presentation will demonstrate how to build inexpensive, yet spectacular, all-dome "warp speed effect." Find out how to leave your audiences spellbound using this easy-to-build design and low cost components. The 24th century has arrived!
TELLING TIME BY THE STARS Mullahy, MaryAnn 1994 Abstract: Using a star clock, you can tell time by the stars. This activity can be done in a classroom using a star chart and a poster of the Big and Little Dipper. It can also be an activity for the planetarium using flashlights with red filters or cellophane.
MOBILE OBSERVATORY PROJECT Orloff, Weston 1994 Abstract: The Mobile Observatory is to provide teachers with a convenient way to give students real telescope experiences. An informal survey revealed that only one district in the greater Cleveland area had a regular observing program for their astronomy students. The idea was enthusiastically received by other Cleveland planetarians when it was presented at the September meeting in 1993. The facilities and development of the Observatory are described.
A DOWN AND DIRTY COMET CRASH MOVIE Pareis, Alan Highlen,Cris Hudson,Phil 1994 Abstract: After a night of Shoemaker/Levy 9 imaging, Fort Wayne Astronomical Society imaging team discovered that they had the makings of a movie. See the results and learn a way to make planet rotation movies for your shows or floor displays.
FOLLOW THE DRINKING GOURD Rall,Gloria 1994 Abstract: The New Jersey State Planetarium and the Raritan Valley Community College Planetarium have produced a children's program based on the slave song "Follow the Drinking Gourd," and the children's book "Follow the Drinking Gourd," by Jeanne Winter. "Follow the Drinking Gourd" was a song created by slaves that explained how to travel north to freedom using the Big Dipper as a guide. The program introduces children to the day and night sky and the concept of slavery. The program concludes with the story and artwork from Winter's book which is a story of a family fleeing north using the song.
IPS MOBILE NETWORK: CONTINUED GROWTH AND EFFECTIVENESS Reynolds,Susan 1994 Abstract: There are over 1000 portable planetarium locations and an ever increasing number of small stationary planetariums counted in our mobile network. Benefits for both small and portable planetaria to join together include achieving universal goals of: utilizing existing low-cost equipment and small budgets to their greatest effectiveness; pooling resources for quality curriculum development; sharing sources of inexpensive equipment; and evaluating new materials and planetaria on the market.
UPDATE ON SOME ASTRONOMY RESOURCES Sampson,Gary 1994 Abstract: Some new astronomy resources from Project SPICA, project IMAGE, and new high school astronomy curriculum initiative called "Hands-on Astrophsyics."
THE WORLD'S LARGEST BICYCLE TOUR -- A COLLABORATIVE VENTURE WITH A NEW CONSTITUENCY Schafer, Sheldon 1994 Abstract: In August the Peoria Wheelm'n (a local bicycle club) joined forces with the staff of Lakeview Museum's Planetarium to inaugurate a bicycle tour of the solar system. This paper will follow the tour while discussing the elements of this unique collaboration.
ARCTIC TERNS Smith,Dale Whitt,April 1994 Abstract: GLPA is the only regional association to have two of its officers visit the opposite poles of the planet within four months. Dale Smith will describe his trip to the north pole, while April Whitt shares the view from the bottom of the world.
HONEY, WE SHRUNK THE GALAXY Underfer,Jerry 1994 Abstract: Selected materials and activities which evolved from the Toledo NSF/SPICA Astronomy Institute will be described, e.g. Constellation Puzzles, sets of Coat Hanger Constellation Viewers, and an inflatable planetarium (Sky Bubble).
HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE: NEW WORLDS OF DISCOVERY Villard, Ray 1994 Abstract: The instruments of the Space Telescope have been fitted with corrective optics that have produced greatly improved imaging. Cepheids in M100 yield a distance of 56 million light years and a Hubble constant of 80 km/sec/Mpc. Images of material ejected by Eta Carinae and Supernova 1987A show a remarkable and poorly understood morphology. M87 appears to have a central black hole of 3 billion solar masses. Hubble has imaged more than 50 protoplanetary disks and followed the Shoemaker-Levy impact on Jupiter with visual and ultraviolet images and spectroscopy. Future work with include studies of galaxy evolution by imaging galaxies at high redshifts, searches for low mass stars, and imaging the outer planets with resolution comparable to Voyager.
DEVELOPING AN ADVANCED ASTRONOMY PLANETARIUM WORK-STUDY PROGRAM -- A CRY FOR HELP Wasiluk,Elizabeth 1994 Abstract: After some background planetarium information is given, the author outlines an Advanced Astronomy/Planetarium Work Study Program she was asked to develop. Discussion will include the problems it has created. The author asks the audience to submit useful information to help solve the problems she is encountering.
THE RING OF FIRE Zajac,Gene 1994 Abstract: A talk on the trials and tribulations of planning for the May 10th Annular Eclipse. Members of the Cleveland Regional Association of Planetariums assisted in planning and implementation. Teaching ideas relating to demonstrating an eclipse with an overhead projector, gastro-astronomy using M&M's and Skittles, and a model of the moon-earth showing apogee and perigee. Great for both elementary and secondary levels. Guides and samples will be provided.